Thursday, August 27, 2020

Vocabulary :: Communication, Language

Jargon is imperative to regular perusing since it is the entirety of the words in a language. As per Bursuck and Damer (2010) understudies â€Å"learn to interpret more diligently text, they are bound to experience words that are not part of their oral language† (p. 231). Being comfortable with words and the significance of the word helps student’s familiarity just as appreciation. As indicated by the National Institute of Literacy (2007) jargon is â€Å"words utilized in discourse and print to communicate† (p. 14). Jargon can be separated into two classes â€Å"oral or expressed words and composed words† (National Institute of Literacy, 2007, p. 14). The National Institute of Literacy (2007), concur with Bursuck and Damer (2010), expressing that â€Å"vocabulary information is essential to perusing in light of the fact that the oral and composed words advance appreciation and communication† (p. 14). Since jargon is critical Pullen, Tuckwiller, Kono ld, Maynard, and Coyne, 2010 utilized a â€Å"three level model for understudies in danger for a perusing disability† (p. 110). Pullen et al. (2010) states that jargon improvement happens through accidental learning and home condition before formal schooling† (p. 111) The mediation made by Pullen et al. (2010) was intended to increment students’ jargon of in danger understudies. The mediation (2010) members â€Å"were 224 first grade understudies in quite a while in an assorted populace and moderate level of understudies in financial status† (p. 114). The mediation (2010) itself made by ___________________ was a three-level framework: Tier 1 comprised of study hall guidance and â€Å"students who don't react to level 1 will get level 2 guidance and level 3 is the most escalated level and if understudy don't react to this level they are alluded to a custom curriculum evaluation† (p. 114). To recognize understudies who might be in danger of incapacity, the intercession (2010) utilized the PPVT-4 as a government sanctioned test. Pullen et al. (2010) utilized the test to asses the standard level â€Å"of open jargon and recognize members as either in danger of not for perusing failure† (p. 115). The creators of the intercession (2010) chose the PPVT-4 on the grounds that â€Å"it exhibited unwavering quality, demonstrating that is a sound measure for estimating responsive vocabulary† (p. 115). For a post-test, the creators (2010) utilized an analyst created measure to asses students’ securing of target words utilized in the mediation (p. 115). Pullen et al. (2010) had a three-level framework where level 1 and level 2 were planned â€Å"around two story books proper for first grade students† (p.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Coordinate Activities And To Use The Available Resources

A conventional national EE plan or approach however has each piece yet non been set up because of miss of political will ( Mayo et al. , 2008 ) , despite the fact that the National Environment Education Strategy Action Group was set up in mid 1996 ( Department of Health Policy and Planning, 1997 ) . Research shows that EE has imbued its foundations in the essential instructive field ( Pace, 1997 ) , where it is sensibly simple to join cross-curricular EE in the schoolroom since the greater part of the clasp there is only one teacher answerable for the guidance of the considerable number of subjects. In the optional instructive field, it is less simple, since various points are thought by various teachers and in this manner obtaining is increasingly separated. Pace ( 1997 ) contended that there are three obstacles which limit the concentrate of EE in optional school course of study: hardened skilled compartmentalization insufficiency of groundwork for learning powers firm timetables and course developments Ecological surveies was presented as a point in the optional course of study, however it is non actualized in state funded schools where they despite everything have separate exercises and teachers for geographics, history and cultural surveies. Still ecological issues are regularly handled in logical points, for example, consolidate logical order, organic science, substance science, common ways of thinking and geographics. The EkoSkola program however, in both essential and auxiliary schools, has effectively determined multidisciplinary EE in schools. The program underpins an entire school assault and weaves EE governs inside a school ‘s bearing approach and the unremarkable running of the school. In post-auxiliary schools obtaining is significantly progressively detached with various educators learning non only various points, yet adjacent to various subjects inside a similar theme. Like in optional schools natural issues are regularly tended to in science-related themes. In 1994, a middle of the road degree confirmation in Environmental Science was propelled. Be that as it may, the class does non flexibly an all encompassing outline of ecological issues in light of the fact that the prospectus board respected the presentation of socio-social features as a push to recite down the course of study ( Pace, 1997 ) . Understudies taking to write into college, need to follow a Systems of Knowledge class which comprises of four resources. Module 4 is called ‘Sustainable Development and Environment ‘ and separated from taking to facilitate perception on nearby and universal feasible advancement issues, it other than means to promote expert natural mentalities and qualitie s, for example, The estimation of manageable advancement as an only technique for covering with natural issues Concern and obligation for nature Committedness to effectively partake in undertakings planned for securing the earth ( Matsec, Syllabus 2011 ) The activity with this class however is that it includes a finishing up examination and in any event a base on balls is an interest for college enlistment. Blending to Pace ( 1997 ) , the class ‘s designs are non entirely satisfied as the researchers ‘ boss concern is to acquire a confirmation in the theme rather than broadening their cognition.2.2.2 Problems with Education for Sustainable DevelopmentHave instructors reacted to the interest, qualities and strategies for ESD? Orchestrating to Bybee ( 1991 ) , educators have reacted neither apâ ­propriately nor adequately, however they have responded mainly by focusing on cutting edge employments independently, for example, the vitality emergency, acerb downpour or populace developing, and the outcome has been clumsy, detached educaâ ­tional stuffs. Authentic ( 2001 ) recommends that a ground why instructive frameworks over the Earth have scarcely reacted to the test of reorientation might be that there has been lacking c larification of the adjustments in guidance that would be essential for the parts of the bargains be satisfied. What has been losing is clarity about the vision of the guidance that is required, what's more a plan of how to come on towards such a dream, bearing in head the intensity of the predominant cultural and instructive ideal models. Blending to Pace ( 2005 ) , however, the significant activity is the tendency of instructive foundations to take the least demanding way out †the relabeling of conventional examples, for example, Nature Study, as EE, rather than the rebuilding of instructive developments. This may originate from the disappointment of approach creators to comprehend what is expected to achieve appropriate EE ( Pace, 1992 ) . Leal Filho ( 1996 ) proposes that this insufficiency of fear, disarray and moderate acknowledgment of appropriate EE has been irritated by scholarly contentions about classification. Now, it is of import to isolate between guidance about the earth and guidance for the earth. The main alludes to geting comprehension and awareness about issues and roll uping informations on these issues ; the second alludes to using guidance to build an increasingly practical from now on. Instruction for the earth is more than insight building. It incorporates new perspectives, positions and qualities that usher and tip individuals towards progressively maintainable ways of life. Hindrances to EE are non simply present on a national and institutional degree however alongside on a schoolroom degree. A few hindrances are outer and calculated in nature such every piece, for example, insufficiency of clasp ( Ko and Lee, 2003, as refered to by Kim and Fortner, 2006 ) . In any case, there are other than obstructions that demonstration more on an individual degree, for example, teachers ‘ demeanor, content discernment, and educational cognizance ( Kim and Fortner, 2006 ) . Blending to Makki et al. , ( 2003 ) , it is other than non bounty to create and actualize a course of study wherein EE is obviously spoken to. They keep on thinking that despite the fact that an improved course of study may flexibly educators and understudies with tonss of data, on the off chance that it does non proxy imagination, association, and student commitment, the result will be lack of important obtaining and thought process. A basic, however all around dismissed aspect of EE is ecological political guidance, which instructs how adjustments can be accomplished through political activism coordinated at Governments, universal organizations, and even companies ( United Nations, 2004 ) . As it were, EE ought to be planned for bring forthing earth dependable residents, non only green consumers.2.3 Young personEnvironmental issues influence youthful individuals in a disproportional way since they are the 1s who need to populate for a more extended time of clasp in a falling apart condition passed on to them by old coevalss. Youngsters are the 1s that will unequivocally require to gracefully radical answers for the ecological occupations brought about by contemporary activities ( Bradley et al. , 1999 ) . Youngsters ought to consequently be constrained to arraign in new signifiers of activity and activism that will deliver strong outcomes in the field of natural assurance ( United Nations, 2004 ) . The great bey ond of the universe is, all things considered, their in the future. The universe ‘s 1.2 billion juvenile individuals matured 15-24 establish 18 percent of the planetary populace ( United Nations, 2007 ) . Youngsters play numerous capacities in the public arena. They are non simply researchers however alongside shoppers of numerous things including vitality. They are clearly other than worried by cultural, social, financial and ecological issues. Youngsters in this manner have a cardinal capacity to play in deciding the great beyond, remembering for discovering types of vitality ingestion, and different components taking to atmosphere change. The advancement of master ecological mentalities and conduct in youngster is subsequently observed as extremely of import for an economical from this point forward ( Eagles and Demare, 1999 ) . The United Nations ( UNCED, 1992 ) distinguished youthful people as cardinal partners that have an alone part to do towards economical turn of events, and committed Chapter 25 in Agenda 21 to the significance of children and juvenile individuals in the commitment in assurance conceiving to make their ain from now on. Motivation 21 advances the capacity of juvenile individuals in dynamic by withstanding the mainstream talk that since youthful individuals are unpracticed and unfit, they ought to non be considered ( De Lucca, 2004 ) . Youngsters reserve a privilege to be tuned in to and engaged with the issues and conclusions that influence their lives, non just today yet adjacent to in the great beyond. Plus, the experience of youthful individuals populating in the advanced universe, passing on alone places that should be taken into history, and their innovativeness, receptiveness, and vitality empower them to search out the change that they need to see and power for it. Subsequently t he commitment of youthful individuals in assurance concocting techniques will quite follow up on the since quite a while ago run accomplishment of practical turn of events. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, every now and again abbreviated to Rio Declaration, is a short papers that was created at a similar meeting ( Earth Summit ) . The Rio Declaration comprises of 27 standards expected to control future feasible advancement around the universe. Guideline 21 concerns youth, and proposes that the innovativeness, beliefs and courage of juvenile individuals ought to be activated to make a planetary association that will vouch a superior in the future for everybody through feasible improvement ( United Nations, 1992 ) . These two paperss ( Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration ) feature the significance of youngster to the future supportability of our condition both in Malta and all through the universe. The National Youth Policy ( Parliamentary Secretariat for Youth and Sport, 2010 ) avows that the State perceives ‘that youngster commitment in safeguarding and ensuring nature is an of import part towards the achievement of supportability ‘ ( 3

Friday, August 21, 2020

Writing a Sample of Speech Essay

Writing a Sample of Speech EssayWhenever you are writing a sample of speech, it is important to be clear about what you want to say. In order to ensure that your speech is properly prepared, and not miss any words or sentences, you should practice your speech prior to presenting it at an event.When writing a sample of speech essay, you should first decide on the topic. From there, you can gather several ideas for your topics, including lists of possible topics, or brainstorming ideas from research. Whatever you decide, keep in mind that you should stick to your topic choices.As you write, practice creating a style of speech that will catch the audience's attention. Although you may not feel that writing a speech is easy, you should still be sure to be concise and to show why you are the best person to speak on your topic. You do not have to start with a ton of notes, but should start by organizing your thoughts and ideas into easy-to-understand sentences. To make sure that you don't forget anything, take time to jot down anything that occurs to you as you write.During the first draft, you may wish to change your topic to a specific setting, such as a sports team or community organization. Or, if you are the organizer of the event, you can create a thesis statement to begin your speech. If your topic is related to a subject that is unique to your organization, then you may wish to create a statement that uses the unique angle.If you are giving a sample speech at the school assembly, you should be sure to read through a few sample speeches from other speakers, especially if they were chosen due to their speech writing experience. Also, take a moment to check with some fellow teachers or students who may know of someone who may be willing to help you. With a little effort, you should be able to give a speech that will be acceptable to your audience.If you are unsure about the appropriateness of the topic or your wording, you may wish to consult a professional. A p rofessional speech writer may be a wonderful option to ensure that your speech is fully prepared and meets your audience's expectations. Additionally, many professional writers have the knowledge and experience to ensure that your speech will be well-received at an event.When the event is over, be sure to turn in the sample speech essay to be typed out. Any mistakes that you made during the presentation should be corrected prior to presenting it at another event. There are many websites that can help you turn in samples of speech essays.Writing a sample of speech essay will give you more confidence when writing a more advanced speech. When you feel comfortable and confident in your ability to speak on your topic, you will also feel more confident in delivering a speech that will set the audience at ease. You may even find that you are able to build more rapport with the audience during your own presentation.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Theological Justifications Of Violence In Relation To Jesus.

Theological Justifications of Violence in relation to Jesus Introduction The history of religion has been pervaded by offensive and aggressive wars even before the birth of Jesus Christ as the messiah of Christian eschatology. Yet, Jesus brought another dimension to the faith that was more pacifist as evident in his preaching and examples. Looking at the Gospels and the interpretation of Jesus’ teachings in the letters of Saint Paul to the different churches, there exist numerous references of justified violence in relation to Jesus and the expansion of the church on earth. This evidence represents a paradox, since it presents a messiah who is predominantly pacifist but condones or incites violence in some cases. The problem is therefore†¦show more content†¦Some theological justifications of violence in relation to Jesus The contradictions that put into question this message of peace and nonviolence are numerical both in the words and deeds of Jesus. In Matthew chapter ten, he expounds â€Å"do not think that I have come to bring peace, but a sword. I came to set sons against their fathers, daughters against their mothers, daughters-in-law against their mothers-in-laws; a man’s worst enemies will be the members of his own family† . Metaphorical or literal, this is advocacy for violence. By insisting that he is not a harbinger of peace but one of hostility, as represented by the sword, it goes without saying that performing acts of violence as a means to getting the desired effect is appealing. The fact that these violent occurrence will start from within the nuclear family is equally abhorrent. This assertion nevertheless supports the view that Christian religion is based on the premise of bloodshed and violence which Jesus Christ himself condones. The upheaval of families perceived in this message is directly oppositional to the message of love that Jesus himself articulates. In consideration of the message that preaches the love of the enemy and non retaliation in cases of aggression to outrightly insisting that he is bringing a message of discord, one is bound to question the agenda of goodwill. This juxtaposition of peace and violence is furtherShow MoreRelatedHistory Of South American Poverty And The Development Of Liberation Theology1451 Words   |  6 Pagesmovements accelerated into demonstrations and militant type activism. The dictatorships responded with a strong military response in reaction to the militants exerting extreme control over all demonstrations, which escalated into widespread acts of violence from both sides. The cries for change among the growing largely impoverished sections of society in South America, a revolutionary atmosphere developed. Armed uprisings appeared in many of the countries in hopes to overthrow the ruling dictatorsRead MoreChristian Ethics in a Postmodern World Essay example6531 Words   |  27 PagesChristianity by secularism (Bruce 1996; Turner 1994). Yet Christianity survives the assault well and even shows signs of revitalization in many parts of the world. How will Christianity face the challenge of postmodernity? There are many different theological responses. Some accept its central premises and write a/theologies (neither theologies nor nontheologies but something from the interstice of the two) (Taylor 1984); Some adopt the total paradoxical presence of the opposite (thus rejecting theRead More ROMANS 9:6-13 Essay4798 Words   |  20 Pages THEOLOGICAL CENTRE FOR ASIA ROMANS 9:6-13 AN EXEGETICAL PAPER SUBMITTED TO DR CHUL WOO LEE IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF BNT524 CONTEMPORARY HERMENEUTICS CONTENTS INTRODUCTIONnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;1 OVERVIEW OF ROMANS 9-11nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;1 TRANSLATION OF ROMANS 9:6-13nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;3 INNER TEXTUREnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;4 Repetitive Texture and Patternnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;4 Read MoreBible Versus the Toran12356 Words   |  50 PagesLIFE OF TWO AFRO-AMERICANS (1) MALCOM X - ISLAMIC MUSLIM/QURAN PAGE 35-43 8 (2) MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. - CHRISTIAN/BIBLE PAGE 44-48 9 (3) BOTH MENS POLITICAL VIEWS ON VIOLENCE AND PAGE 49-56 CHANGE IN SOCIETY (4) THE STRONG CONNECTION BETWEEN BOTH MEN PAGE 57 (1) I am writing this paper based on the comparsion of two religions; the Islamic faith and Christianity, also comparingRead MoreAn Analysis of Terrorism Essay9824 Words   |  40 Pagespolitical act against a government and it’s citizenry, secondly, it is viewed as a coercive means to change some policy through the application of violence upon society . Finally terrorism adheres to the unlawfullness of acts as a mode of political change. For the purpose of this study terrorism is defined as a strategy whereby violence is used to produce certain effects in a group of people so an to attain some political end or ends. Terrorism can be traced back in Iran since theRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pageshave been my role models, mentors, and inspiration: Dulcie Roach from Hopewell Primary School, St. Elizabeth, Jamaica; Elaine Bortner and Philip Hirai from Jamaica Wesleyan Bible College, Savanna-la-mar, Jamaica; and Roger Ringerberg, Jamaica Theological Seminary, Kingston, Jamaica. Second, thanks to my professors and advisors at Drew University, Karen Brown, Jonathan Reader, and Roger Shinn, whose advice and insights have helped to shape the focus and hone the arguments of this book. Third, theRead MoreSources of Ethics20199 Words   |  81 Pagesshall not cover your neighbour’s house. You shall not covet your neighbours wife, nor his male or female slave, nor his ox or ass, nor anything else that belongs to him. Tradition in both cases- and reinforced for Christians y the teaching of Jesus – has come to view these commandments from God as ethical principles which forbid doing anything to destroy or harm another â€Å" person’s life or marriage or reputation of property† Via a rule exemplified by the Golden Rule (or its variations in

Friday, May 15, 2020

A Proposal On A Compromise - 1845 Words

Proposal for Report on A Compromise to Capital Punishment COMS 363 Section 02 Submitted by Peter Okafor For Prof. Lisa Bryce Submitted on July 28, 2014 A COMPROMISE TO CAPITAL PUNISHMENT Introduction This report will be addressing the quarrels and endless debate surrounding the idea of capital punishment. It will be a recommendation report, analyzing the major issues and suggesting alternative methods to resolve them. I am aware of the sensitivity of the topic, and I would like to state that I am neither advocating for nor opposing capital punishment. The report topic has received approval from Professor Bryce. Through this report, I aim to approach the division caused by the topic. There are many misconceptions following the topic and it is often not properly understood. First of all, I will be clarifying some of the mystery clouding the issue of capital punishment and comparing it to its counterpart, life in prison. My report aims to approach and clarify some arguments like the following: †¢ the cost of a death sentence versus that of imprisonment without parole, †¢ the determent of crimes supposedly imposed by the death penalty, and †¢ the need for retribution to those affected by criminal acts Secondly, I will be proposing alternatives that might satisfy both parties to some reasonable extent. This will be done under the recommendations section after the conclusions section. I will make this topic relevant by shedding a different light on an old debate andShow MoreRelatedThe Compromise of 1850 Essay850 Words   |  4 PagesThe compromise of 1850 was a settlement on a series of issues plaguing the unity of the states. The primary issue to address was the institution of slavery, which was causing much dissension between the north and the south. Additional items to be addressed were territory issues and to prevent secession by the south. Henry Clay stepped forward to present a compromise, which had Congress in an eight-month discussion known as the â€Å"Great Debate†. As a result of the proposal, there were strong oppositionsRead MoreThe Legacy Of The Abraham Lincoln946 Words   |  4 Pagesof secession; however, there were a small group of men who did not want Mississippi to secede. Three of these men each proposed one *amendment* to the ordinance in order to delay or halt the secession of Mississippi from the union. In the first proposal, proposed by Jacob Yerger, all the slave states would gather at a convention to â€Å"determine what amendments of the Constitution of the United States are necessary and proper to secure the rights of the slaveholding States in the Union, and to finallyRead MoreThe Articles Of Confederation And The New Constitution874 Words   |  4 Pagesconsidered plan and proposals for creating a stronger, more centralized system of government. 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Like many modernRead More What was the 1850 Compromise and Why did it Fail? Essay1541 Words   |  7 PagesWhat was the 1850 Compromise and Why did it Fail? In 1850, Henry Clay one of the most influential political leaders in American history introduced a set of resolutions, which aimed to please both North and South America. The five proposals were rolled into a single omnibus bill, which offered a solution to the growing sectional conflict over slavery and westward expansion, which arose from the 1846 Mexican War. The 1850 Compromise, which Senator Douglas stripped down and effectively helpedRead MoreWhat Was the 1850 Compromise and Why Did It Fail?1527 Words   |  7 PagesWhat was the 1850 Compromise and Why did it Fail? In 1850, Henry Clay one of the most influential political leaders in American history introduced a set of resolutions, which aimed to please both North and South America. The five proposals were rolled into a single ‘omnibus’ bill, which offered a solution to the growing sectional conflict over slavery and westward expansion, which arose from the 1846 Mexican War. The 1850 Compromise, which Senator Douglas stripped down and effectively helpedRead MoreStudent Collective Bargaining Agreement Simulation Essay1223 Words   |  5 Pagesexperience, I see how important it is to negotiate items in good faith. It is important for management to hear the initial proposal of the Union, because it is important for them to fully understand the unions needs and wants, so that they are prepared to come back with a counter argument. From my experience good faith bargaining seemed to be a good way to come to a compromise and it made me understand why in an actual negotiation this can b e a very long process. Bargaining in good faith really doesRead MoreHow Successful Was Lincoln in His Handling of Events from November 1860 to April 1861?1504 Words   |  7 Pages Many would argue that Lincoln was very biased and orientated around the Republican Party and its policies. But in fact I believe that this is very untrue indeed. Lincoln made it clear that he was ready to compromise with the South on a number of issues such as the fugitive slave law, slavery in Washington and concessions to New Mexico. This is why I believe Lincoln acted in a very mature way. Although his outlook on slavery expansion was ‘inflexible’, he didRead MoreHarmony at the Workplace: Wage Negotiations between Labor Unions and the Management1352 Words   |  5 PagesAbstract This paper looks at a proposal from a labor union attempting adjust overtime pay for employees of a sample company. It outlines the benefits of cooperative negotiations between labor and management, provides an analysis of how the proposal will affect the company and suggests an ideal approach to take with negotiations. Finally, the paper provides alternatives to the proposal presented by the union and describes how this company can achieve ideal results for all parties involved. HarmonyRead MoreThe Recalcitrant Director Case873 Words   |  4 Pagesmembers, how would you have initially voted for the proposal? What would your vote be after the recess in the meeting? Why? | 2 | 2- Should the Byte executives tell the town administrators and potential employees that this is a temporary plant, to run for three years? | 2 | 3- What impact does a plant closing have on a small town like Plainville? What impact does the closing have on the employees? | 3 | 4- Can you suggest any compromise for the present impasse? | 3 | 5- If you were

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Relationship Between Identity And Security - 1400 Words

Relationship of Identity and Security Identity and security underpins the majority of conflicts that have occurred. In conflicts, states are invested in promoting their constructed identity, and challenging the opposing identity. In the following section, this essay will be using the elements of interests, alliances, and fear of the other to demonstrate the underpinning of the relationship in the three events of the Vietnam War, dà ©tente and the 2003 Iraq invasion. Interests are important in the relationship as it allows us to observe why a state is involved in a conflict. With the U.S., the majority of the time it is interested in promoting its identity to oppose another’s identity. Interests also allow for the understanding of an†¦show more content†¦The Vietnam War The Vietnam War (1962-1975) was a part of the time where the fears of the Cold War was ripe. The U.S.’s foreign policy was focused on the containment of Soviet expansion around the world. The U.S. saw this expansion as the main threat to the west and to global security. To understand the U.S. fears during this war, one must understand the previous conflict that occurred in Korea. The Korean War (1950 – 1953) was somewhat similar to that of the Vietnam War. The Korean War saw the attempted invasion of South Korea by the communist North Korea. This invasion saw the involvement of the U.S. who aided South Korea, and the People’s Republic of China – a newly formed communist state. The Korean War influenced the U.S. as its state officials saw the North Korean and Chinese alliance as a larger cooperative communist threat. This threat played into the U.S.’s fear in Vietnam with the thought that communist states (the Soviets and China) were aiding North Vietnam to force the expansion of communism. This fear of communism shaped the U.S.’s identity and security relationship. The U.S. identified with liberal and capitalism and so found communism a threat due to its different beliefs. The ‘domino effect’ was an imagined Soviet foreign policy that U.S. policy makers feared. It was the belief that Soviets were

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Hairball Essay Example For Students

Hairball Essay A solitary woman sits in conversation with a benign tumour that had just recently been removed from her ovary. As the woman speaks, the inanimate tumour, which she has named Hairball, looks on from its glass encased perch atop the fireplace. The scene is macabre and certainly unusual, but such is the life of Kat, the main character in Margaret Atwood’s short story, Hairball. Kat’s life is filled with the unusual and the shocking, a lifestyle that has been self-imposed. Throughout the years, Kat, an avant garde fashion photographer, has altered her image, even her name, to suit the circumstances and the era. Over time Kat has fashioned a seemingly strong and impenetrable exterior, but as Kat’s life begins to disintegrate we discover that the strong exterior is just a facade devised to protect a weak and fragile interior. Kat’s facade begins to unravel and she undergoes significant personal losses; in fact, the losses go so far as to include her identity or lack there of. As Kat begins to lose control, her mental and physical disintegration is hastened by three major conflicts: The conflict with the society in which she lives, the conflict with her romantic interests (specifically Ger), and finally the physical conflict she faces with her own body. In the end, these conflicts will threaten to strip Kat of her lifestyle as well as her name. From the beginning of Kat’s life, she was at odds with her environment. When she was a child, she was Katherine, a doll like representation of what her mother wanted her to be. As a teenager she was Kathy, a representation of what she believed others wanted, â€Å"a bouncy, round-faced girl with gleaming freshly washed hair and enviable teeth, eager to please and no more interesting than a health-food ad.† By the time she reached University she was the not-so-eager to please Kath, â€Å"blunt and no-bull*censored* in her Take-Back-the-Night jeans and checked shirt and her bricklayer style striped-denim peaked hat† (pp.16). Finally, when she found her way to England, she became Kat, â€Å"the name Kat was economical, street-feline, and pointed as a nail.† The short, hard name was a reflection of her hard demeanor. Kat constantly tried to separate herself from the commonality of her environment. When she was told that her tumor was fairly common her reply wa s that, â€Å"She would have preferred uniqueness.† Kat wanted to stand out; she did not want to be another â€Å"Clarissa, Meliassa or Penelope,† but she understood that conformity, to the values of her society, would be a requirement if she wanted to succeed in her personal and professional life. With this in mind, Kat chose to integrate those values into her own personal approach. She’d shaved off most of her hair, worked on the drop-dead stare, perfected a certain turn of the neck that conveyed an aloof inner authority. What you had to you had to make them believe was that you knew something they didn’t know yet. (p.17)As the conflict between Kat and her society, she finds herself losing the fight. Despite accolades she received while working on the razor’s edge, Kat’s life is less than successful. Her relationships with competitive men and left her broken and hurt. â€Å"Twice she had abortions, because the men in question were not up for the alternative† (pp.17). Kat’s choice to â€Å"Rambo† through her life left her scarred emotionally and physically. Having spent herself in London, Kat was ready for a change. When a man named Gerald came calling from Toronto, Kat saw the opportunity for change and grabbed it. When Gerald showed up in London offering Kat an attractive job and salary, she found it hard to resist. When Kat arrived back in Toronto and began working with Gerald, she found him hard to resist. The fact that Kat and Gerald were polar opposites appealed to Kat. She saw Gerald as a fresh canvass on which she could fashion her own masterpiece. Kat began by seducing Gerald in his office. She continued by rearranging Gerald’s tastes for clothes and hair style; she even went so far as to change his name to Ger. In the end she had succeeded in turning Ger into the man she wanted him to be, or so she thought. .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .postImageUrl , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:hover , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:visited , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:active { border:0!important; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:active , .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u71807963deb68cc21a78dbb6a2eea1ac:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: AfroAmer EssayHe’s a money man who lusted after art, and now he’s got some, now he is some. Body art. Her art. She’s done her job well; he’s finally sexy. (p.21)As time went on it became apparent that Ger was losing interest. The more Ger became like Kat, the less interest he took in her. It seems that Kat had forgotten what she had known in London. Kat had known better than to â€Å"betray her desire,† but it was obvious that she had betrayed it to Ger. Ger follow suit by betraying Kat as well. After Kat’s surgery for the tumor, Ger comes to visit. When he arrives Kat can’t help but notice his aloofness. Ger makes small tal k but leaves rather quickly. Kat immediately notices a change in their relationship. She thinks it is Ger who has lost his attractiveness, that their relationship has become old and antiquated. Kat surmises,He’s no longer fully rewarding. They’ve learned each other too well, they take short-cuts now; their time together has shrunk from whole stolen rolling and sensuous afternoons to a few hours snatched between work and dinner-time. (pp.20)It is at this time that Kat also realizes that something is not right at work. The phone calls for her input have been few and far between since she checked into the hospital. Kat begins to wonder if her job is in jeopardy. In a fit of panic Kat rushes to work to inspect her hunch. When she arrives at work her worst fears are realized. Ger breaks the news to Kat that she has been fired. Although this news is devastating, it pales in comparison to the news that her replacement is none other than Ger him self. Kat realizes that her cre ation, Ger, has become Frankenstein’s Monster. She muses, â€Å"Naturally. Betrayal. The monster has turned on its own mad scientist† (pp. 21). Back in her apartment Kat realizes that all along it has been Ger and life with that she has been longing after. She understands that the Ger she had created killed the Gerald that she was initially attracted to. Only as Kat’s conflict with Ger comes to the apex does she realize the conflict within herself. As Kat stares at hairball she understands that her life’s struggles have been in vain. Kat comes face to face with the realization that, while Ramboing her way through life, she has missed her opportunity for happiness. Kat has squandered away her life with empty relationships and fruitless jobs. Kat wants the house with the white picket fence, the 2.5 children and the dog but understands none of those are in the foreseeable future. What Kat does see is Hairball, the â€Å"warped child† of her relationship with Ger. The tumor is not only symbolic of Kat’s relationship with Ger but also of her relationship with herself. The physical abuse her body has taken because of Kat’s lifestyle, including the abortions, has now become manifest in Hairball. Kat’s lack of foresight has caused the destruction of her mental and physical well being. Eventually, Hairball becomes the vehicle for the ultimate bizarre act reflecting Kats personality disintegration. She has gone from Katherine, to Kath, to Kat to being â€Å"temporarily without a name.†The journey that Kat takes through the story, from a person defined by others to a person without definition, is somewhat of a birth in reverse. In the story the character of Kat is defined by the conflicts she faces and her inability to adequately deal with them. The more Kat attempts to find herself within the parameters of her society, work and relationships, the more she becomes lost. It is the conflicts that bring Kat to a moment of clarity as she is left broken and abandoned. It is in this state that Kat is able to lose her name and begin to reconstruct herself apart from the influences of others. Without a name Kat is now the blank canvass onto which she hopes to paint her final masterpiece. .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .postImageUrl , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:hover , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:visited , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:active { border:0!important; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:active , .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9cf68ad0b99e10d534c7ed9da526d4bc:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Describe the adaptations of the human placenta and foetus to improve oxygen availability Essay Bibliography: